comma before including list

In the first example below, the comma after "butter" is called a serial comma or an Oxford comma.In the US, when there are more than two list items, your readers will expect a comma before the conjunction (in this case, "and") that precedes the last list item. A comma comes after every coordinating adjective except for the last adjective. Have a bath and wash your entire body including your teeth and nails 2. (GB) I visited France, Germany, Italy, Britain, and Spain. Let’s look at … A comma comes after each noun in a list. Use a comma before the conjunction when the sentence halves can stand alone. If the specific examples aren’t essential to the accuracy of your sentence, then use a comma before such as and after your example, unless the example is at the very end of the sentence. A semicolon creates more separation between thoughts than a comma does but less than a period does. In this case you do need a comma. If he feels, the readers know he can set of the phrase within commas. Since most … We use commas while combining multiple phrases in one sentence or writing about different items in a list. Writing a book, if I haven’t put you off already, is one of the most rewarding things you can do. Use a comma after the conjunction when it is followed by an interruption. In British English, it is quite unusual to use a comma with and. A comma should be used after an introductory word to separate this word from the main sentence. Before the fists begin to fly, let me say that, in my experience, there is a clear gulf between the two camps regarding the use of the comma before connecting in a series of three or more items. When writing a list of items for an academic paper, place a comma between each item in the list, including before the word "and." Commas indicate a pause or a list in a sentence. Do you go to the store for “cupcakes, vanilla, and chocolate” or “cupcakes, vanilla and chocolate”? To help separate items in a list, when some of those items already contain commas. The proper definition of the Oxford comma is “a comma used after the penultimate item in a list of three or more items, before ‘and’ or ‘or’.” For example: For example: … I love to pet kittens, puppies and rabbits.
Each item had to be manually inserted into a line of type. Have a bath and wash your entire body, including your teeth and nails 2. 5. If it is … The sections in … “Be … My work background includes conservation work, such as prairie restoration and controlled burns. In English language punctuation, a serial comma, or series comma (also called an Oxford comma or Harvard comma), is a comma placed immediately after the penultimate term (i.e. Nor should you put a colon there. I love to pet kittens, puppies and rabbits. Just the word including is enough for introducing a list (and a semicolon is never used to introduce a list). So the list above would run like this: Comma before and … Semicolons . Use a comma after a dependent clause when it comes before the independent clause. This gets more complex when an item or multiple items in your list already have commas… a. Because I was late, I had to sit in the back. If we use this second format and then make a list of people, the different people would be separated by a semi-colon (;) and not a comma. Here are the two most common uses of the semicolon: 1. The most basic type of list appears in the running text of a sentence, with each item separated by a comma. You can safely delete it if you want without losing the context. If the number of page visits is a reliable indicator, this topic—using a comma before and—is on the minds of many people. If the writer feels that the intended audience of this sentence do not know about the members of G8 countries, he can make it defining by not inserting the comma before "including". He went to London for two weeks, and he stayed at an expensive … Adjectives are words that modify a noun like "old", "red", "greasy". No. Comma before including or not? 2. It could be excluded as well, resulting in the following: “There are many activities including, but not limited to, running, jumping and swimming.” Keeping the Oxford comma is useful for differentiating the items as three separate examples rather than as two, e.g. The only time you would place a colon after "include" … The Oxford Comma This section is about commas not semicolons, but it will affect how you punctuate your lists. If you use the word "including," it may help clarify to put a comma BEFORE it, but you still do not need a colon after it. We are having a continuing discussion about the use of a comma before since in this type of sentence: The number was purposely selected, since most people can divide mentally. only include a comma before "since" when the verb in the independent clause that precedes it is negated and this might cause confusion. (US) Notes. I visited France, Germany, Italy, Britain and Spain. Apr 06 2011 19:28:54 . The price for the ticket is $15.75 including sales tax. Using a Comma before “And” (and Other Coordinating Conjunctions) in a Sentence. Mignon Fogarty . Colons can introduce a list, while commas are used to separate items in a list. The thinking is that if the preceding … In this example, what's right? For example: "Germany annexed Austria, Poland, and the Netherlands." before the coordinating conjunction [usually and or or]) in a series of three or more terms.For example, a list of three countries might be punctuated either as "France, Italy and Spain" (without the serial comma… We use commas to separate items in a series or list. 1. First, it is used in a list when three or more words, phrases or even complete sentences are joined by the word and or or; we might call this construction an X, Y and Z list: The Three Musketeers were Athos, Porthos and … anonymous; Grass hay … In AP style, omit the comma before the last item in a simple series, such as "Joe, John and Steve." About the Author. The same rules apply for titles. Mignon Fogarty is the founder of Quick and Dirty Tips and the author of seven books on language, including the New York Times bestseller "Grammar Girl's Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing." Corps of Engineers Assistant Secretary for Civil Works. Comma before the final item in a list. The band has five members, including a drummer, two guitars, a violin, and a flute. Example: While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door. Comma before including chicago manual of style, serial comma: do or not do. She is an inductee in the Podcasting Hall of Fame, and the show … between elements (including before and and or) in a series of three or more items.. the height, width, or depth; in a study by Spencer, Girard, and Singh (2010) to set off a nonessential or nonrestrictive clause, that is, a clause that embellishes a sentence but if removed would leave the grammatical structure and meaning of the sentence intact. You place a comma before "including" only when the "including" phrase is non-essential, meaning it is just added information and is not necessary to clearly understand the meaning of the sentence. The comma makes things clearer, and a recent lawsuit proves that. The last two items in a list are usually connected by and. The word and is added before the last noun, which is not followed by a comma. The Oxford comma … If we take the first person first, the format would be like this: Joan Darcy, U.S. The American Heritage states that include … Correct comma replacement depends on whether such as introduces an essential or nonessential clause. The comma before such as is correct because the phrase is a nonessential clause. Both the Modern Language Association and the American Psychological Association require it. More examples: Everyone survived, including the family dog. My understanding is that if the subordinate clause follows the main clause, no comma precedes the conjunction; however, I saw the following sentence in the Q&A and am now confused. We'll show you how to use conjunctions, clauses, relative pronouns, and the proper way to use a comma after "and" with our comma cheat sheet. Reputable dictionaries, including Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary and the American Heritage Dictionary, tell us that the verb include is not interchangeable with the verb are. First, some courts have held that an item only falls within the preceding noun if it falls within one of the items in the list. Common starter words for introductory clauses that should be followed by a comma include after, although, as, because, if, since, when, while. Recent lawsuit proves that recent lawsuit proves that can introduce a list, While commas are to. Called the serial comma: do or not do makes things clearer, and a recent lawsuit proves.. 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