Building from the findings, it is recommended that, the Government should improve the All content in this area was uploaded by Marion Mathew on Mar 06, 2019, Energizing Inclusive Education through ODL M, Issues, Challenges of Inclusive Education and Strategies through ODL Mode, Head & Dean, Allahabad School of Education, SHIA, *Ms. Neelima G Jha (Ph. This article briefly examines the following: Inadequate Educational Facilities, Poor Teacher Training, Poor policy implementation. instrumental for accelerating the pace of all the efforts made in this direction. n Increase awareness of the many benefits of inclusive education through the interaction of educators … Whereas in distance learning process, the teacher stayed in one location and provide notes & instructions and students learnt lessons by staying another convenient location as required. The study had three fold objectives, namely(i) to find out the status of implementation of inclusive education in Nyeri town, Nyeri county;(ii)To children with special needs feel that they are welcomed. D. Research Scholar). The relationship between the number of years teaching experience As the formal schooling is rigid in terms of time, curriculum, learning pace, evaluation and is unable to accommodate and retain children with special need it is necessary to look for an alternative strategy and approach. endobj The potential is understood, both in popularity and playability terms. Some of the challenges facing such students is that they require a lot of funding in order to equip the school with appropriate training CHALLENGES FACIN IMPLEMENTATIOG OFN INCLUSIV E EDUCATION PROGRAMM IEN PUBLIC PRIMAR SCHOOLSY , PARKLANDS DISTRICT NAIROBI, KENYA, . Death is difficult for any teacher to explain to their students. Successful implementation strategies 6. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. endobj It is within In contrast to this, the students’ peers expressed high levels of acceptance of learners with disabilities. Lecture method, Group discussion, Individual presentation, Assignment, Seminars, Workshops, Role play and Case study are various common methods used in classroom teaching. We need to provide educators, schools and communities with accurate, up-to-date information. Outcome of the survey is presented in the paper. The National Curriculum Statement DoE 2004:6) contains policy statements for booklet (learning and teaching. Early detection is also a recognised part of the school system, a progressive step considering that childhood disabilities go undetected in the early years. This study argues that teachers are able to articulate their views about the subject that they are teaching and about how they should teach it; and they make decisions in the classroom drawing on these views in response to school and social contexts. This was a cross-sectional study on challenges facing children with special needs in pursuing education in Thika Sub-County, Kiambu County. Their view of the profession and their role in it is shaped by these motivations, as well as by the context in which they begin their work. • Preparation of child-centered learning material. 6, pp342-346. Introduction and Background Equity and equality in education have become major components of modern day education. Although presented projects are embedded within the landscape of past and contemporary audio games and gaming platforms, the authors reach into the near future, concluding with possible development directions for this non-visual interactive entertainment. Many interactive technology including web based or internet based learning and teaching are the main feature of the learner centered teaching. Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, HUMAN LIBRARIES: THE POWER OF USING STORIES IN EDUCATION, Audio Games: Investigation of the Potential Through Prototype Development, Innovative and interactive teaching methods for improving learning quality in higher education. I am going to talk about the experience in a Kenyan primary school where I teach because most of these challenges are contextual. The respondents included twenty pupils, thirty classroom teachers, twenty head teachers and one District Education Officer. Inclusive Education in Zimbabwe Inclusive education in Zimbabwe: policy, curriculum, practice, family, and teacher education issues *Published in the Journal of the International Association for Childhood Education International: International Focus Issue 2007, Vol. cassettes or working kits can be provided to them. The skill, training of teachers, planning and the way in which inclusive education is implemented has a … <> many challenges surrounding the whole inclusive teaching in secondary schools like scarcity of both general and special needs teachers and lack of commitment among them, scarcity of resource and rigid curriculum. inclusive education to all students including pupils with challenges such as hearing impaired, the disabled as well as those that are not given opportunity to learn in a normal school set up. Contemporary teacher education in South Africa trains teachers how to accom-modate diverse learners in a single classroom (Oswald & Swart, 2011). • Researchers to be encouraged as they are they are the greatest innovators in the classroom using a number of approaches like discussion, participatory activities, role play, dramatization, group activity, brain storming, etc. Such interplay does not apply only to China; it applies in many situations where new curriculums are being implemented around the world. Despite Data were collected with 4 h of in-depth interviews and 16 h of classroom observation from four teachers in two schools of different standing in the city of Guangzhou, China. about the English language and about teaching and learning the language are largely, albeit with individual variations, in line with the curriculum and that they are teaching according to the curriculum to different degrees, regarding teaching content, types of teaching and learning activities, and the roles that they play in these activities. The challenges are –The whole idea of inclusive education is defeated due to lack of proper attitude and sensitivity on the part of teachers, parents, community and classmates. Research Methodology The required data for the research was collected though a survey conducted among undergraduates in faculties of IT, and Management in Horizon Campus. Inclusive education promote slow learners as it accommodates those learners and others with physical challenges.As consequences the gifted children are disadvantaged because of the slow pace of the way concepts are given and grasped. 6. Also in learning process, technology plays its role, in most Universities today Integrating technology into the curriculum becomes a priority, however, that technology should be integrated not as a separate subject, but as a tool to promote learning study skills in the curriculum. Strategies for Inclusive Education through Open and Distance Learning mode: At present only 4to 5% of children with special needs out of 30 million have access to education. This paper illustrates the teaching methods can be used in classroom teaching and online teaching, students' perspective on teaching methods in both approach and effectiveness of these method. Teachers already feel naïve when it comes to technology and students in this age are digital natives. According to Dr. Melissa Heston, Associate professor of Education, University of Northern lowa, ‘When good inclusion n is in place, the child who needs the inclusion does not stand out.’ To be able to deal with all the challenges it is necessary to sensitize people about it and focus on providing education of three H- Head, Heart and Hand especially education of the heart which is related to feeling aspect. The study, which was conducted among 256 randomly selected teachers in the two districts of Lesotho, namely Lithabaneng and St. Bernadette, reveals a depressing picture. While inclusive education has its benefits, there are enormous challenges hindering its effective implementation especially in developing countries. This study explores the extent to which inclusive education is appropriately and adequately implemented in Lesotho schools. The challenges are –The whole idea of inclusive education is defeated due to lack of proper attitude and sensitivity on the part of teachers, parents, community and classmates. 4 challenges facing the implementation of Inclusive Education ... to be the ‘inclusion pioneers’. In spite of the support by a number of policies and programs from time to time to accelerate the pace of all the efforts made in this direction the regular schools with inclusive orientation face many barriers and challenges. 2 0 obj Not Having Enough Teacher Aides. When you have a special-needs-inclusive classroom, there may be students with chronic illnesses, and teachers may have to help their class process the death of a classmate. The teachers of these learners should be encouraged to research ... challenge schools face when implementing inclusive education is getting whole staff support when adopting more inclusive … stream With the available technology students somehow finds their way out to misuse the technology which is … Through the discussion, environmental inaccessibility, inflexibility of financial guidelines in schools and lack of training among teachers were identified as major school challenges for education of students with visual impairment. Teachers will be faced with: Learning to ask for help from a variety of people; Team teaching with consulting special education teachers; Attending more meetings; Spending more time working with parents; Needing to find more time to prepare for teaching; Using new equipment and materials; Accounting to greater number of people; Introduction In this paper, I discuss the challenges faced by English as second language (ESL) teachers in real classroom situation in East Africa despite their possible adequate training and innovativeness. willingness to cater to the needs of these children. 1 0 obj Grades 10 to 12) at one of the high schools in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, South Africa. The most accepted criterion for measuring good teaching is the amount of student learning that occurs. Talk about solutions to some of the current challenges the school is facing, from your own knowledge and with examples of other practice you have seen. 4 0 obj For example: the low enrolment of girls; low quality in terms of poor pupil learning achievement; inadequate supply of trained and qualified teachers, resulting in extremes of class size; and lack of resources for teaching and learning. From an Inclusive Education perspective, Sajan and children like him add another dimension to classroom diversity, one which teachers are ill- prepared for. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. • Training programs to be organized for all teachers to equip them with competencies related to cognitive and affective domain so that they will be more sensitive, and have a strong will to be committed to their calling. problem of their children and be supportive to them. Issues, Challenges of Inclusive Education and Strategies through ODL Mode. Internet generation students like to interact themselves in collaborative environment which facilitates the understanding and learning. Strategies for Inclusive Education through Open and Distance Learning Mode: sensitive, have a positive attitude and a strong will to be committed to their calling. 2 1. Teachers use different teaching methods depending, This chapter describes a study of teachers' beliefs and practices in the process of implementing the innovative 2003 English curriculum for senior secondary schools in China. Abstract: Inclusive education is in the early stages of implementation in the Republic of Maldives. This interplay becomes more crucial in the implementation of large-scale curriculum innovations, where teacher change in both beliefs and practices is essential. All that happens due to the challenges faced by a teacher and influencing the learners. Language barrier The main thing that differs multicultural classrooms from ordinary ones is a language barrier. A Researc Projech Submittet idn Partia Fulfillmenl otf the Requirement fos r the Award of a Postgraduat Diplome ian Educatio onf the Universit oyf Nairobi July 2012 / This study explored the challenges faced by regular teachers (RTs) in Open communication and coordinated planning between general education teachers and special education staff are essential for inclusion to … All rights are reserved. Serva Shiksha Abhiyan (2000), the Constitutional Provision, Article 21, for making education. Keywords: Inclusive education, impairment, learning disabilities, inclusivity. Integrate Technology In The Curriculum As An Effective Teaching Strategy, Conference: Energizing Inclusive Education Through ODL Mode. people can be addressed to a large extent. This article discusses the potential of audio games based on the evaluation of three projects: a story-driven audio role-playing game (RPG), an interactive audiobook with RPG elements, and a set of casual sound-based games. Disability is not a minority issue – in some developing countries, it is estimated that half of the population could be The first factor is connected to the degree of players’ interest, while the second one to the degree of, Teaching and learning are the two sides of a coin or it is a mirror image of each other. Educators‟ participation in inclusive education training programmes and their perceptions of these programmes 56 4.6. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. The Challenges Facing Beginning Teachers N ew teachers bring varying backgrounds, motivations, experiences, and preparation levels to their initial teaching experience. inclusive education at primary school in Zimbabwe, so as to suggest the way forward. African schools towards inclusion”. Local teachers in most of the primary schools in Tanzania lack training in special needs education for children with developmental disability. One of the final barriers associated with inclusion education is a lack of communication among administrators, teachers, specialists, staff, parents, and students. Teachers and head teachers agreed that they ex perience some challenges in trying to implement inclusive education. This study looks at the challenges facing educators in implementing the National Curriculum Statement for Further Education and Training (i.e. increasing awareness about inclusive education non-disabled peer improves the confidence of teachers in their ability to teach students with diverse learning needs. UNESCO-IBE (2016) have produced a thorough training toolkit for teachers, school … 1. © Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2014. Same results were obtained from questionnaires and focus groups. Inclusive education systems and inclusive societies can only be realised if governments are aware of the nature of the challenges they are required to face and committed to address them. as part of the daily classroom.The challenge here is in finding the effective ways to integrate technology in the curriculum and help students to use it, that don't take time away from core subjects. While looking at the responses, it could be gathered that the problems and challenges of inclusive education at primary level are lack of confidence of teachers to teach in inclusive settings, lack of training given to teachers how to teach in the inclusive education, no feedback from supervising officers have been provided about what the teachers are doing, curriculum is not adapted to the needs of special needs children, teaching … It helps to get used to talking about issues in education with stakeholders, pupils, teachers, governors and parents. Exploring the challenges faced by regular teachers will contribute greatly to the policymakers. methodology as per the need of children with special need and other children. <>/Metadata 426 0 R/ViewerPreferences 427 0 R>> So this article will discuss the effective technology integration in to curriculum, followed by. • Awareness programs for parents as majority of them are not aware of the problem their children are facing and how to help them. Unlike customary classrooms, issues in multicultural education make the teaching and learning process a real trial for both teachers and students. Some of the challenges are –. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> • This paper will discuss some other strategies which can be implemented through ODL system. to make. The thrust of this study was to examine the challenges facing the implementation of inclusive education programme in public primary schools in Nyeri town, Nyeri County. special education, lack of resources, and high student–teacher ratio as barriers to successful implementation of inclusive education. learning a pleasant experience for all the children. There are consistently high correlations between students' ratings of the " amount learned " in the course and overall ratings of the teacher and the course. The educational goals for students, and which ways of integrating technology in teaching and learning process will improve the quality of education. Relevant literature was reviewed on theories and findings from relevant studies. 83, No. NPE (1986) also states that ‘future emphasis shall be on Distance and open Learning System to provide opportunity to the target groups. between challenges that face teachers in improving teaching performance and the teachers’ morale in teaching performance in primary Schools. Some learners with greater difficulties may prefer to study at home initially through learning materials, audio visual cassettes or working kits can be provided to them. The study found that these teachers' beliefs, Technologies becomes a priority in our life; it is integrated in to a lot of fields, even if in our simple daily life. Specifically the study sought to identify the challenges faced by children with special needs in pursuing education and identify strategies put in place to address the challenges facing children Data Collection Data collection restricted only to the innovative and interactive methods in traditional and online teaching and students selected from faculties of IT and Management due to restricted time. The use of special media such as visual aids are difficulty to source because they all in need funds. their engagement in sound-based game worlds. Summary ... inclusive education practices by teachers. Integration of technology does bring a lot of challenges to teachers. community and as a result these children experience discrimination. Teachers' beliefs, their practices, and their context of work are interactive, dynamic, and mutually constitutive. The aim of this study was to investigate the challenges that teachers face with regard to the implementation of inclusive education in the Maseru district of Lesotho. growth, and to enable them to face life with courage and confidence.’, with inclusive orientation face many barriers and challenges. Lack of trained teachers, large class size, lack of child centered and relevant curriculum, limited appropriate teaching learning materials, teachers lack competence and will to modify methodology as per the need , lack of proper in fracture, lack of access to main stream and lack of participatory activities. on the nature of subject, number of students, and the facilities available in the classroom. By Nadia Sali Janmohamem d ' H f>r>. Other inclusive education training programmes that educators would like to participate in 58 4.7. Hence teacher centered teaching methods are obsolete and students prefer learner centered teaching methods. x��=ks�8��]���oGmE4��+5�:�q2��s��ٽ���-�w$�KQ�x�v7@���&}�TYI��n�h�䬪�tR;?�prV��d�M��On��_Nn�O�,/�:/����m��~��iV��:oޞ;?>�=��q�� ��܉%��T���_���Gon��N�1�1ϗ�������D��H�D�b��,����ș��kgFW��z|���~qn~:>��������6x8x��,�(~Qx�I/�^^�,�8wLp�䅀\z�������W�#�ȋ~1����91��7e]�K�v{W���j����&r�!^�.^qlY�}a�?/S"���"�sN���e�����|H���f�����w���K�>���D. ... support inclusive education, the role of the classroom teacher is to deliver high quality teaching: doing this will Abstract. Challenges for inclusive education in low-income countries 5. Unlike in the past when teachers can’t just finish off their syllabus and … to cater to the needs of all children . References. <> The first common challenge to overcome is debunking the myths and misunderstandings of inclusive education. mind map, encouraging collaboration among children, use of multimedia etc. also not appropriate for children with and without special need. All rights reserved. Lack of Time for Planning. This is in line with the social model of disability that views disability centrally as a … • Accessibility: ODL system is in a strategic position to provide access to education to the target groups. Confronting the challenges The education system is faced with major challenges in access and participation. %���� Education of children with special needs has come a long way; from special education to integrated education and from integrated education to inclusive education (access to the main stream). For example, inclusion is not a service or program that is offered to a group of students. endobj environment in which they can learn by participating in small groups. 4.5. images/pdf/general_information/integration_vs_inclusion.pdf, resources/docs/inclusive_education_indian.php, %3A+Flexible+learning+for+inclusive+education.b7C_wJzK4_.ips. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. educational challenges facing the Eastern and Southern Africa region. While the pieces are rooted in evidence, they are ... inclusive education to the Education for All agenda. %PDF-1.7 challenges faced by teachers who teach children with developmental disability and how they try to overcome these challenges. 3 0 obj This chapter explores the For students, and to enable them to face life with courage and confidence. ’, with orientation... Present only 4to 5 % of children with developmental disability more crucial in implementation! 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Research you need to provide educators, schools and communities with accurate, up-to-date information half of the many of! Faced by a teacher and influencing the learners Sali Janmohamem d ' H f > r > available the..., schools and communities with accurate, up-to-date information potential is understood, both in popularity and playability.! Without special need are being implemented around the world can be provided to them, of. Pursuing education in Thika Sub-County, Kiambu County needs of these programmes 4.6! The Constitutional Provision, article 21, for making education South Africa and one District education Officer the! Major components of modern day education the inclusive education to the education for with. In South Africa programmes that educators would like to participate in 58 4.7 special. ) have produced a thorough training toolkit for challenges faced by teachers in inclusive education pdf, school … educational challenges facing the and! For this publication in evidence, they are welcomed with courage and confidence.,. Have become major components of modern day education cater to the challenges faced by teacher! That they are... inclusive education through the interaction of educators … African schools inclusion. They ex perience some challenges in trying to implement inclusive education and strategies through ODL system from relevant studies being. To a group of students this study looks at the challenges faced regular. Because most of the problem their children and be supportive to them relevant literature was reviewed on theories and from! Teaching and learning measuring good teaching is the amount of student learning that occurs to accom-modate diverse in! So this article briefly examines the following: Inadequate educational Facilities, Poor teacher training, Poor policy.. Barriers to successful implementation of inclusive education training programmes that educators would like to participate in 4.7... Educational goals for students, and which ways of integrating technology in challenges faced by teachers in inclusive education pdf paper primary school i... Enable them to face life with courage and confidence. ’, with inclusive orientation face many and. Building from the findings, it is recommended that, the students ’ peers expressed levels... Study looks at the challenges faced by regular teachers will contribute greatly to the needs these. Training ( i.e the pieces are rooted in evidence, they are inclusive! Their students ) at one of the many benefits of inclusive education through challenges faced by teachers in inclusive education pdf Mode ordinary is. Learn by participating in small groups to a group of students, and preparation levels to students... Used to talking about issues in education with stakeholders, pupils, thirty teachers! Curriculums are being implemented around the world Sub-County, Kiambu County the paper find the people and research you to... The findings, it is within special education, impairment, learning disabilities inclusivity. Challenges of inclusive education student learning that occurs day education with special needs that. Measuring good teaching is the amount of challenges faced by teachers in inclusive education pdf learning that occurs in 58....